Source Code Security Analyzers
For our purposes, a source code security analyzer
- examines source code to
- detect and report weaknesses that can lead to security vulnerabilities.
They are one of the last lines of defense to eliminate software vulnerabilities during development or after deployment. A Source Code Security Analysis Tool Functional Specification is available.
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|Tool||Language(s)||Avail.||CCR||Finds or Checks for||as of|
|ABASH||Bash||free||String expansion errors, option insertion errors, and other weaknesses that may lead to security vulnerabilities.||Mar 2012|
|ApexSec Security Console||PL/SQL(Oracle Apex)||Recx||SQL Injection, Cross-Site Scripting, Access Control and Configuration issues within an Apex application||Mar 2010|
|Astrée||C||AbsInt||undefined code constructs and run-time errors, e.g., out-of-bounds array indexing or arithmetic overflow.||Jun 2009|
|BOON||C||free||integer range analysis determines if an array can be indexed outside its bounds||Feb 2005|
|bugScout||Java, C#, Visual Basic, ASP, php||buguroo||multiple security failures, such as deprecated libraries errors, vulnerable functions, sensitive information within the source code comments, etc.||March 2012|
|C++test||C, C++||Parasoft||defects such as memory leaks, buffer issues, security issues and arithmetic issues, plus SQL injection, cross-site scripting, exposure of sensitive data and other potential issues||Apr 2006|
|.TEST||C#, VB.NET, MC++|
|cadvise||C, C++||HP||many lint-like checks plus memory leak, potential null pointer dereference, tainted data for file paths, and many others||Mar 2009|
|Clang Static Analyzer||C, Objective-C||free||Resports dead stores, memory leaks, null pointer deref, and more. Uses source annotations like "nonnull".||Aug 2010|
|CodeCenter||C||ICS||incorrect pointer values, illegal array indices, bad function arguments, type mismatches, and uninitialized variables||Apr 2011|
|CodePeer||Ada||AdaCore||detects uninitialized data, pointer misuse, buffer overflow, numeric overflow, division by zero, dead code, concurrency faults (race conditions), unused variables, etc.||Apr 2010|
|CodeSecure||ASP.NET, C#, PHP, Java, JSP, VB.NET, others||Armorize Technologies||XSS, SQL Injection, Command Injection, tainted data flow, etc.||Aug 2012|
|CodeSonar||C and C++||GrammaTech||null-pointer dereferences, divide-by-zeros, buffer over- and underruns||Nov 2012|
|Coverity SAVE™||C, C++, Java, C#||Coverity||flaws and security vulnerabilities - reduces false positives while minimizing the likelihood of false negatives.||Apr 2011|
|Cppcheck||C, C++||free||pointer to a variable that goes out of scope, bounds, classes (missing constructors, unused private functions, etc.), exception safety, memory leaks, invalid STL usage, overlapping data in sprintf, division by zero, null pointer dereference, unused struct member, passing parameter by value, etc. Aims for no false positives.||Feb 2010|
|CQual||C||free||uses type qualifiers to perform a taint analysis, which detects format string vulnerabilities||Feb 2005|
|Csur||C||free||cryptographic protocol-related vulnerabilities||Apr 2006|
|DoubleCheck||C, C++||Green Hills Software||like buffer overflows, resource leaks, invalid pointer references, and violations of ... MISRA||Jul 2007|
|FindBugs||Java, Groovy, Scala||free||Null pointer deferences, synchronization errors, vulnerabilities to malicious code, etc. It can be used to analyse any JVM languages.||Sept 2012|
|FindSecurityBugs||Java, Groovy, Scala||free||Extends FindBugs with more security detectors (Command Injection, XPath Injection, SQL/HQL Injection, Cryptography weakness and more).||Sept 2012|
|Flawfinder||C/C++||free||uses of risky functions, buffer overflow (strcpy()), format string ([v][f]printf()), race conditions (access(), chown(), and mktemp()), shell metacharacters (exec()), and poor random numbers (random()).||2005|
|Fluid||Java||call||"analysis based verification" for attributes such as race conditions, thread policy, and object access with no false negatives||Oct 2005|
|Goanna||C, C++||Red Lizard Software||memory corruptions, resource leaks, buffer overruns, null pointer dereferences, C++ hazards, ...||Aug 2009|
|Insight||C, C++, Java, and C#||Klocwork||Buffer overflow, un-validated user input, SQL injection, path injection, file injection, cross-site scripting, information leakage, weak encryption and vulnerable coding practices, as well as quality, reliability and maintainability issues.||May 2011|
|Jlint||Java||free||bugs, inconsistencies, and synchronization problems||Aug 2012|
|LAPSE||Java||free||helps audit Java J2EE applications for common types of security vulnerabilities found in Web applications.||Sep 2006|
|ObjectCenter||C/C++||ICS||"run-time and static error detection ... more than 250 types of errors, including more than 80 run-time errors ... inter-module inconsistencies"||Apr 2011|
|Parfait||C/C++ ?||Oracle proprietary||Apr 2013|
|PLSQLScanner 2008||PLSQL||Red-Database-Security||SQL Injection, hardcoded passwords, Cross-site scripting (XSS), etc.||Jun 2008|
|PHP-Sat||PHP||free||static analysis tool, XSS, etc. description||Sep 2006|
|Pixy||PHP||free||static analysis tool, only detect XSS and SQL Injection||Jun 2007|
|PMD||Java||free||questionable constructs, dead code, duplicate code||Feb 2006|
|PolySpace||Ada, C, C++||MathWorks||run-time errors, unreachable code||Feb 2005|
|PREfix and PREfast||C, C++||Microsoft proprietary||Feb 2006|
|QA-C, QA-C++, QA-J||C, C++, Java||Programming Research||A suite of static analysis tools, with over 1400 messages. Detects a variety of problems from undefined language features to redundant or unreachable code.||May 2009|
|Qualitychecker||VB6, Java, C#||Qualitychecker||static analysis tool||Sep 2007|
|Rational AppScan Source Edition||C, C++, Java, JSP, ASP.NET, VB.NET, C#||IBM (formerly Ounce Labs)||coding errors, security vulnerabilities, design flaws, policy violations and offers remediation||Aug 2010|
|RATS (Rough Auditing Tool for Security)||C, C++, Perl, PHP, Python||free||potential security risks||Aug 2012|
|Resource Standard Metrics (RSM)||C, C++, C#, and Java||M Squared Technologies||Scan for 50 readability or portability problems or questionable constructs, e.g. different number of "new" and "delete" key words or an assignment operator (=) in a conditional (if).||Apr 2011|
|Smatch||C||free||simple scripts look for problems in simplified representation of code. primarily for Linux kernel code||Apr 2006|
|SPARK tool set||SPARK (Ada subset)||Altran||ambiguous constructs, data- and information-flow errors, any property expressible in first-order logic (Examiner, Simplifier, and SPADE)||Aug 2006|
|Splint||C||free||security vulnerabilities and coding mistakes. with annotations, it performs stronger checks||2005|
|TBSecure||C, C++||LDRA Software Technology||The TBsecure plug-in to TBvision comes complete with the Carnegie Mellon Software Engineering Institute (SEI) CERT C secure coding standard. TBsecure identifies security vulnerabilities and enables implementation of the just released CERT C Secure Coding Standard version 1.0.||Dec 2008|
|UNO||C||free||uninitialized variables, null-pointers, and out-of-bounds array indexing and "allows for the specification and checking of a broad range of user-defined properties". aims for a very low false alarm rate.||Oct 2007|
|PVS-Studio||C++||OOO "Program Verification Systems" (Co LTD)||PVS-Studio is a static analyer that detects errors in source code of C/C++/C++0x applitations. There are 3 sets of rules included in PVS-Studio: (1) Diagnosis of 64-bit errors (Viva64) (2) Diagnosis of parallel errors (VivaMP) (3) General-purpose diagnosis||Jan 2010|
|xg++||C||unk||kernel and device driver vulnerabilities in Linux and OpenBSD through range checking, etc.||Feb 2005|
- The Spin site hosts a list of commercial and research Static Source Code Analysis Tools for C and has links to other tools and lists.
- SEI CERT site list of Static Source Code Analysis Tools, including other lists of tools.
- Flawfinder site has links to other tools.
- Wikipedia has a List of tools for static code analysis covering all kinds of analysis.