The SAMATE Project Department of Homeland Security

Source Code Security Analyzers


For our purposes, a source code security analyzer

  1. examines source code to
  2. detect and report weaknesses that can lead to security vulnerabilities.

They are one of the last lines of defense to eliminate software vulnerabilities during development or after deployment. A Source Code Security Analysis Tool Functional Specification is available.

Byte Code Scanners and Binary Code Scanners have similarities, but work at lower levels.

Some Instances

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Please contact us if you think something should be included. If it has all the characteristics of the tool, techniques, etc., we will be happy to add it. You can contact us at .

ToolLanguage(s)Avail. CCR Finds or Checks for       as of      
ABASH Bash free String expansion errors, option insertion errors, and other weaknesses that may lead to security vulnerabilities. Mar 2012
ApexSec Security Console PL/SQL(Oracle Apex) Recx SQL Injection, Cross-Site Scripting, Access Control and Configuration issues within an Apex application Mar 2010
Astrée C AbsInt Sound runtime error analyzer finds code defects and security vulnerabilities, e.g., out-of-bounds array indexing, null-pointer dereferences, dangling pointers, divide-by-zeros, buffer overflows, data races. Also checks coding guidelines like MISRA C/C++, SEI CERT C, CWE, and ISO/IEC TS 17961:2013. Mar 2018
AttackFlow Java, C# AttackFlow Authorization, authentication, session management, cryptographic issues, input validation, code quality, configuration, and other issues June 2017
BOON C free integer range analysis determines if an array can be indexed outside its bounds Feb 2005
Brakeman Ruby on Rails free and Brakeman Cross site scripting (XSS), SQL injection, Command injection, Unsafe file access, Unsafe mass assignment, Remote code execution, Cross site request forgery (CSRF), Authentication, File access, Open redirects, Session manipulation, etc. June 2017
CAST Application Intelligence Platform (AIP) ABAP, .NET, ASP.NET, VB.NET, C#, .NET Frameworks, LINQ to Objects, LINQ to DataSets, C and C++, Visual C, IBM DB2 SQC/SQC++, Cobol ANSI 85, JCL z/OS, IMS/DB, CICS, Java JDK, Java Server Faces, JSP, Struts Framework, Hibernate, JPA, EJB, Spring IoC, WSDL, CDI, JavaScript, HTML, XHTML, ASP, Microsoft VB, IBM DB2, Oracle PL/SQL, Postgress, MS SQL CAST SQL Injection, Cross Site Scripting (XSS), Input Validation, Insecure Cryptographic Storage, Information Leakage and Improper Error Handling, Data Access, API Abuse, Encapsulation May 2017
C/C++test®C, C++ Parasoft defects such as memory leaks, buffer issues, security issues and arithmetic issues, plus SQL injection, cross-site scripting, exposure of sensitive data and other potential issues Dec 2013
dotTEST™C#, VB.NET, MC++
HP Code Advisor (cadvise) C, C++ HP many lint-like checks plus memory leak, potential null pointer dereference, tainted data for file paths, and many others Dec 2013
Checkmarx CxSAST Java, JavaScript, PHP, C#, VB.NET, VB6, ASP.NET, C/C++, Apex, Ruby, Perl, Objective-C, Python, Groovy, HTML5, Swift, APEX, J2SE, J2EE Checkmarx All OWASP Top 10 and SANS 25 vulnerabilities and compliance with PCI-DSS, HIPAA, and MISRA requirements along with custom queries, all with a low rate of false-positives and easy to integrate throughout the SDLC. Mar 2016
Clang Static Analyzer C, Objective-C free Resports dead stores, memory leaks, null pointer deref, and more. Uses source annotations like "nonnull". Aug 2010
Closure Compiler JavaScript free Removes dead code, checks syntax, variable references and types and warns about common JavaScript pitfalls. Feb 2014
CodeCenter C ICS incorrect pointer values, illegal array indices, bad function arguments, type mismatches, and uninitialized variables Apr 2011
CodePeer Ada AdaCore detects uninitialized data, pointer misuse, buffer overflow, numeric overflow, division by zero, dead code, concurrency faults (race conditions), unused variables, etc. Apr 2010
CodeSecure ASP.NET, C#, PHP, Java, JSP, VB.NET, others Armorize Technologies XSS, SQL Injection, Command Injection, tainted data flow, etc. Aug 2012
CodeSonar C and C++ GrammaTech null-pointer dereferences, divide-by-zeros, buffer over- and underruns Nov 2012
Coverity C, C++, Java, C# Synopsys flaws and security vulnerabilities - reduces false positives while minimizing the likelihood of false negatives. Apr 2011
Cppcheck C, C++ free pointer to a variable that goes out of scope, bounds, classes (missing constructors, unused private functions, etc.), exception safety, memory leaks, invalid STL usage, overlapping data in sprintf, division by zero, null pointer dereference, unused struct member, passing parameter by value, etc. Aims for no false positives. Feb 2010
CQual C free uses type qualifiers to perform a taint analysis, which detects format string vulnerabilities Feb 2005
Csur C free cryptographic protocol-related vulnerabilities Apr 2006
DoubleCheck C, C++ Green Hills Software like buffer overflows, resource leaks, invalid pointer references, and violations of ... MISRA Jul 2007
FindBugs Java, Groovy, Scala free Null pointer deferences, synchronization errors, vulnerabilities to malicious code, etc. It can be used to analyse any JVM languages Sept 2012
FindSecurityBugs Java, Groovy, Scala free Extends FindBugs with more security detectors (Command Injection, XPath Injection, SQL/HQL Injection, Cryptography weakness and many more). June 2016
Flawfinder C/C++ free uses of risky functions, buffer overflow (strcpy()), format string ([v][f]printf()), race conditions (access(), chown(), and mktemp()), shell metacharacters (exec()), and poor random numbers (random()). 2005
Fluid Java call "analysis based verification" for attributes such as race conditions, thread policy, and object access with no false negatives Oct 2005
Fortify SCA C#, Visual Basic, JavaScript, VB Script Micro Focus application vulnerabilities Feb 2017
Klocwork C, C++, Java, and C# Rogue Wave Software Buffer overflow, un-validated user input, SQL injection, path injection, file injection, cross-site scripting, information leakage, weak encryption and vulnerable coding practices, as well as quality, reliability and maintainability issues. Dec 2016
Jlint Java free bugs, inconsistencies, and synchronization problems Aug 2012
Kiuwan Abap, ActionScript, ASP.NET, C/C++, C#, Cobol, HTML, Java, Javascript, JSP, Objective-C, PHP, PowerScript, Python, RPG, VB6, Kiuwan OWASP member, CWE certified, full compliance with SANS 25, PCI-DSS, HIPAA, WASC, MISRA-C, BIZEC, ISO 25000, ISO 9126, CERT-C, CERT-J. Over 4500 rules including: SQL injection, encryption and randomness, file handling, information leaks, number handling, control flow management, initialization and shutdown, design error, system element isolation, error handling and fault isolation, pointer and reference handling, misconfiguration, permissions, privileges and access controls, buffer handling Sep 2017
LAPSE Java free helps audit Java J2EE applications for common types of security vulnerabilities found in Web applications. Sep 2006
ObjectCenter C/C++ ICS "run-time and static error detection ... more than 250 types of errors, including more than 80 run-time errors ... inter-module inconsistencies" Apr 2011
Parfait C/C++ ? Oracle proprietary Apr 2013
PLSQLScanner 2008 PLSQL Red-Database-Security SQL Injection, hardcoded passwords, Cross-site scripting (XSS), etc. Jun 2008
PHP-Sat PHP free static analysis tool, XSS, etc. description Sep 2006
Pixy PHP free static analysis tool, only detect XSS and SQL Injection. No home page? Jun 2014
PMD Java free questionable constructs, dead code, duplicate code Feb 2006
PolySpace Ada, C, C++ MathWorks run-time errors, unreachable code Sep 2013
PREfix and PREfast C, C++ Microsoft proprietary Feb 2006
PVS-Studio C, C++, C# Program Verification Systems Detects errors in the source code of programs written in C, C++ and C#. Works under Windows and Linux. Jan 2017
pylint Python free Checks for errors and looks for bad code smells. Feb 2014
QA-C, QA-C++, QA-J C, C++, Java PRQA A suite of static analysis tools, with over 1400 messages. Detects a variety of problems from undefined language features to redundant or unreachable code. Aug 2017
Qualitychecker VB6, Java, C# Qualitychecker static analysis tool Sep 2007
Rational AppScan Source Edition C, C++, Java, JSP, ASP.NET, VB.NET, C# IBM coding errors, security vulnerabilities, design flaws, policy violations and offers remediation Aug 2010
RATS (Rough Auditing Tool for Security) C, C++, Perl, PHP, Python free potential security risks Sep 2013
Resource Standard Metrics (RSM) C, C++, C#, and Java M Squared Technologies Scan for 50 readability or portability problems or questionable constructs, e.g. different number of "new" and "delete" key words or an assignment operator (=) in a conditional (if). Apr 2011
RIPS PHP free and RIPS Tech all types of injection vulnerabilities, including PHP-specific and second-order vulnerabilities May 2016
Roslyn Security Guard C# free SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), CSRF, cryptography weaknesses, hardcoded passwords, etc. It will find vulnerabilities and in some cases suggest automated fixes. Nov 2016
Smatch C free simple scripts look for problems in simplified representation of code. primarily for Linux kernel code Apr 2006
SCA ASP.NET, C, C++, C# and other .NET languages, COBOL, Java, JavaScript/AJAX, JSP, PHP, PL/SQL, Python, T-SQL, XML, and others Fortify Software security vulnerabilities, tainted data flow, etc. "more than 470 types of software security vulnerabilities" Aug 2012
SPARK tool set SPARK (Ada subset) AdaCode ambiguous constructs, data- and information-flow errors, any property expressible in first-order logic (Examiner, Simplifier, and SPADE) Nov 2017
SPARROW SaaS C/C++, Java, JSP, JavaScript, C#, ASP(.NET), Objective-C, PHP, VB.NET, VBScript, HTML, SQL, XML Fasoo OWASP Top 10, SANS 25, CWE, CERT vulnerabilities, MISRA, efficient and effective issue management based on machine learning technology Software as a Service Aug 2016
Splint C free security vulnerabilities and coding mistakes. with annotations, it performs stronger checks 2005
C, C++, Java, Ada, Assembler LDRA The TBsecure module for LDRA Testbed comes with the Carnegie Mellon Software Engineering Institute (SEI) CERT C secure coding standard. TBsecure identifies concerns such as buffer overflow, out-of-bounds array access, dangling pointers, double-free, and dereferencing null pointer. Other modules handle High Intergrity C++, HIS, IPA/SEC C, JSF++ AV, MISRA C/C++, and Netrino C. 2017
UNO C free uninitialized variables, null-pointers, and out-of-bounds array indexing and "allows for the specification and checking of a broad range of user-defined properties". aims for a very low false alarm rate. Oct 2007
xg++ C unk kernel and device driver vulnerabilities in Linux and OpenBSD through range checking, etc. Feb 2005
Yasca Java, C/C++, JavaScript, ASP, ColdFusion, PHP, COBOL, .NET, etc. free a "glorified grep" and aggregator of other tools, including: FindBugs, PMD, JLint, JavaScript Lint, PHPLint, CppCheck, ClamAV, RATS, and Pixy. "It is designed to be very flexible and easy to extend. ... writing a new rule is as easy as coming up with a regular expression" Mar 2010
WAP PHP free Finds or checks for: SQL Injection (SQLI) / Cross-site scripting (XSS) / Remote File Inclusion (RFI) / Local File Inclusion (LFI) / Directory Traversal or Path Traversal (DT/PT) / Source Code Disclosure (SCD) / OS Command Injection (OSCI) / PHP Code Injection Jan 2016

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